Student misconceptions based on cognitive style

Authors

  • Annisa Prima Exacta Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Veteran Bangun Nusantara
  • Meidawati Suswandari Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Veteran Bangun Nusantara
  • Giyatmi Giyatmi Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Veteran Bangun Nusantara
  • Krisdianto Hadiprasetyo Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Veteran Bangun Nusantara
  • Bayu Kurniaji Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Veteran Bangun Nusantara
  • Ahmad Rosyid Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Veteran Bangun Nusantara
  • Ismail Ismail Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Veteran Bangun Nusantara

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.53402/ijesss.v4i1.398

Keywords:

Misconception, Cognitive style, MFFT test, CRI

Abstract

The objective of this study is to describe students’ misconception of solving problems in Math based on a cognitive style (reflective and impulsive). This study uses the Matching Familiar Figure Test (MFFT) format data collection technique to group students' cognitive styles, quadratic function test questions, interviews, and documents using the CRI (Confident Response Index). A qualitative descriptive method is used. The validity of the data used in this study relies on triangulation techniques. Based on validated written test and interview data, we show that students with a reflexive cognitive style are found to have misconceptions regarding translation, strategy, systematization, symbols, and arithmetic. Students with an impulsive cognitive style were found to have all kinds of misconceptions, including translation, conceptual, strategic, systematic, drawing, and calculation errors. The results of this study also show that the most frequent type of misunderstanding between both reflective and impulsive people is arithmetic misunderstanding. The main causes of student misconceptions are a lack of understanding of the concepts in the material and student inaccuracies when reading problems and writing down solution steps.

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Submitted

2024-01-30

Accepted

2024-02-09

Published

2024-02-10

How to Cite

Exacta, A. P., Suswandari, M., Giyatmi, G., Hadiprasetyo, K., Kurniaji, B., Rosyid, A., & Ismail, I. (2024). Student misconceptions based on cognitive style. International Journal of Educational Studies in Social Sciences, 4(1), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.53402/ijesss.v4i1.398